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6 C O N T E X T 1 6 0 : J U L Y 2 0 1 9 Periodically As happens occasionally, your reviewer’s short column in this issue stems from the early arrival of a number of the usual journals and magazines for the previous issue and fewer than usual in time on this occasion. The Historic Environment By the time you read this, the IHBC annual school will have taken place on the theme of ‘confronting conservation calamities’. The proceedings will be reported in the September issue. In the interim, those with a particular interest in or concern about the risks posed by fire, flood or structural failure may be interested in a paper by Simon Kincaid of Sheffield Hallam University on ‘Emergency planning for fire in historic buildings’ in the latest issue of The Historic Environment: policy and practice (Vol 10, No 1, 2019). Kincaid points out that the continuing occurrence of fires in historic buildings suggests that, despite the best attempts to prevent fires occurring, the possibility is so real that it not only needs to be accepted but that emergency planning for fire is essential. He identifies five key examples of serious fires: Hampton Court Palace (1986); Uppark (1989); Windsor Castle (1992); Glasgow School of Art (2014); and Clandon Park (2015) to shown the value of such planning in reducing the impact of a fire on building fabric and, particularly, on the contents. The author notes that not all historic buildings have the level of resources necessary to implement thorough emergency planning, but even limited resources used wisely and thoughtfully can have a beneficial impact. Needless to say, of particular importance is establishing a good working relationship with the local fire and rescue service, involving it in all aspects of the emergency planning process. Lack of sufficient water for firefighting, particularly in rural locations, has been a significant factor in past major fires. Kincaid considers that this should be a priority for discussion, while the assessment and cataloguing of valuable contents, and developing a plan for the prompt removal, where possible, is also of key importance. The paper deals succinctly with assessing what is most significant and the different level of resources available to, for example, the National Trust and individual private owners. Contextual planning, easily accessible documentation in case of a fire, and understanding who will manage and have authority and control over extinguishment by the fire service are crucial to salvage when planning for fire prevention and or damage limitation. When a fire is discovered there are three priorities: evacuating people, raising the alarm and first-aid fire fighting. The article discusses practical, planning ahead so that the fire service is familiar with the building, ensuring adequate access for fire appliances, water supplies (and water pressure) and the operational risks to fire-fighters. Salvage of contents may be possible during the fire by well-drilled staff and fire crews, particularly working to a clear plan.When the fire is extinguished, salvage may be possible and necessary once the building has been made safe. Even under circumstances where the risks have been reduced and some form of emergency contingency planning is in place, a key requirement will be the relationship with the local fire and rescue service. The author concludes that even with the best planning than can be achieved there will always be some level of ad-hoc decision making. Having experienced persons well versed in the essence of the planning process in charge and able to think quickly, clearly and objectively underlines the need for high-quality staff. As it is appropriate that we should now talk in terms of the ‘climate emergency’ of the ‘climate crisis’, not just in terms of climate change, retrospection can be informative, particularly from those who recognised the problem early, even if prompted by different reasons than our current and future concerns. Mattias Legnér and Gustaf Leijonhufud of Uppsala University, Sweden, look at ‘A Legacy of Energy Saving: the discussion

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